Rental Concessions

Landlords should not bear all the risk of another government shutdown, but tenants are being more aggressive about demanding pandemic language in new leases, this according to reporter Esther Fung’s article, Retail Landlords Offer Pandemic Clauses in New Leases, August 25, 2020 in WSJ.com.

Covid-19 is persisting in many parts of the country and it is hard to tell what will happen now that schools begin to open and fall and winter approach. When the government ordered nonessential businesses to shut down due to the Covid-19 pandemic, many households lost their income and businesses lost their sales. Rents became hard to pay whether you were paying rent for your home or paying rent for your retail shop or office.

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Previous force majeure language in lease contracts did not specifically mention “government mandated shutdowns in response to a global pandemic” under what was categorized as an “Act of God.”  Force majeure language in lease paperwork allows tenants to terminate leases or reduce rent in extraordinary circumstances.  However, the WSJ article cited above by Fung points out that “force majeure language in a lease hurts owners’ ability to get financing for the property.”

Landlords of both multifamily units and retail units have had to offer concessions to retain tenants and attract new ones. Philippe Lanier a principal for a property developer managing retail properties in Washington DC told Fung, that as a landlord, “You have to provide the tenant an easy decision. If you make it complicated, you’re not going to get this done.” Philippe Lanier, EastBanc

Percentage Concessions and Shorter Leases

What is a simple concession in a lease agreement? Lanier offered to cut the base rent by 50% if retail stores are forbidden to operate their businesses and this same concession could apply to an apartment tenant loses their job in a mandatory shut down. In Lanier’s agreement, the difference would be repaid in 6 equal installments that begin on the first day a business can reopen, or a tenant returns to work.

In Detroit, Bedrock, offered to waive base rents in return for 7% of gross sales for eligible tenants, which include restaurants and retailers. (WSJ.com) This company was also allowing the use of security deposits for other purposes.

Some investors are signing leases with shorter terms and that are more revocable by either party.

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With rents taking a hit in large cities across the country it is hard to tell how long it will take an investor to make a profit on a rental property. Location still seems to matter, but the location may be in smaller towns and the suburbs near large cities rather than in the large metropolitan areas themselves.

Clear, simple language in a lease is best but the concessions themselves can be as creative as you are.

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